Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Biology and Life Cycle

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Got bed bug problems? You've come to the right place! At we provide professional bed bug control products and friendly expertise to help you get a grip on your bed bug problem. Read below for the latest on bed bug biology, or check out our exclusive how to get rid of bed bugs article or our very popular bed bug kits.

Bed Bug Identification

Most people know that bed bugs “drink blood”, but in addition to this repulsive fact, it is also wise to have an idea of what bed bugs look like so you won’t miss them when inspecting your bed for these blood suckers. Bed bugs are:

  • Oval in shape, wingless, and rusty red or mahogany in color.
  • About 1/5 inch long
  • Bodies are flattened
  • Well-developed antennae, small eyes, and, and the area behind the head expands forward on either side of the head
  • Appearance of nymph is similar to that of the adult except smaller in size and lighter, yellowish white color

Behavior & Habitat

  • Bed bugs (nymphs and adults) feed at night and hide in crevices during the day.
  • Common hiding places for bed bugs include: seams in mattresses and box springs, cracks in bed frames, under loose wallpaper, behind picture frames, and inside furniture and upholstery.

Feeding Habits

  • Bed bugs can survive without food for 80 to 140 days; older stages can survive longer without feeding than younger ones.
  • Adults have survived without food for as long as 550 days.
  • A bed bug can take six times its weight in human blood during a nighttime feeding, and feeding can take 3 to 10 minutes.

Life Cycle

  • The female bed bug lays between 200 to 500 eggs (in groups of 10 to 50) on rough surfaces such as paper wood.
  • Eggs are covered with a glue and hatch in about 10 days.
  • There are five progressively larger nymphal stages, each requiring a single blood meal before molting to the next stage.
  • The entire bed bug life cycle from egg to adult takes anywhere between 5 weeks to 4 months
  • Adults live up to 10 months


  • Reactions to bed bug bites vary, ranging from inflammation and swelling around the bite, to intense itching.
  • Bed bugs have not been found to transmit diseases to humans.
  • Bed Bugs are commonly accompanied by small stains of blood on sheets and linen.

Bed Bug Control Products:

For bed bug control, we recommend purchasing one of our comprehensive kits. The pest control kits at Do My Own Pest Control contain professional products that are proven to work. In addition, each kit comes with a five page guide on bed bug control.


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